The .snyk file

The .snyk file is a capability of Snyk that all users can employ locally or as part of their workflow to control Snyk ignores of issues, to exclude files from scanning, to set the Python version at the Project level, and to specify patches for the CLI and CI/CD plugins.

How the .snyk file works varies among Snyk products, When you deploy the .snyk file, start by reviewing how the file is created, where it can be used, and what it is used for. For details, see Use the .snyk file with Snyk Open Source, Use the .snyk file with Snyk Code and Use the .snyk file with Snyk IaC.

You can create the .snyk file by using the snyk ignore command. This generates the file and an ignore rule. You can also create the file using a text or code editor. The format is YAML. For details, see How to create the .snyk file.

Key considerations regarding how the .snyk file is used are as follows:

  • The CLI automatically uses the .snyk file if it is present, along with the ignore rules in the database created in the Snyk Web UI, if the product supports using ignores in the database or Snyk rules.

  • CI/CD plugins or the CLI used as part of a build system use the .snyk file during scanning if the file is present.

  • If you merge the .snyk file with the rest of your code, when you import an SCM to Snyk, the rules in the .snyk file are applied on top of the database rules created in the Snyk Web UI.

  • If you use the .snyk file to specify ignores, you avoid having to specify them in the web interface, which you can do only after an issue is detected and monitored. You can use the .snyk file to override the ignore rules in the Snyk database. For details, see How to override the ignore rules in the database.

How to create the .snyk file

You can create the .snyk file by using the snyk ignore command. For details, see the Ignore command CLI help.

If you do not have an existing .snyk file, you can create one and populate it with the code that follows: # Snyk (https://snyk.io) policy file, patches or ignores known vulnerabilities version: v1.25.0

  • The version should be set to v1.25.0 as this is the current policy schema version.

  • The ignore block or blocks should follow the relevant syntax as shown in the description of the ignore command or the examples on this page.

For more information, see Syntax of the .snyk file.

Generally, you must ensure the .snyk file is created in the code repository, the same as other applications and build resources.

The .snyk file is generally located at the root of your Project. However, for SCM imports, the .snyk file must be in the same directory as any file needed for scanning to which it relates, for example, a manifest file. See Use the .snyk file with monorepos and complex Projects.

When you select the fix a vulnerability button on a Git repository Open Source scan, and a Snyk patch is available and an upgrade is not possible, a .snyk file is added to the pull request to specify a patch. Creating Snyk patches is supported for npm and Yarn only.

The following example shows how to create a .snyk file to generate a patch rule using a vulnerability fix PR:

# Snyk (https://snyk.io) policy file, patches or ignores known vulnerabilities.
version: v1.25.0
ignore: {}
# patches apply the minimum changes required to fix a vulnerability
patch:
  'npm:hawk:20160119':
    - tap > codecov.io > request > hawk:
        patched: '2020-01-20T14:26:34.404Z'

Snyk also provides the snyk-policy package to create a policy file, typically named .snyk. Note that the version of the package is not the same as the policy schema version to be entered in the .snyk file

Use the .snyk file with Snyk Code

You can use the .snyk file to specify files or directories in a repository that are to be excluded from the Snyk Code scan that will import files for Snyk Code testing and generate the Code Analysis Project. The exclude from import option is supported only in Snyk Code, and only for imports that are performed using the Snyk Web UI and CLI.

For Projects imported using a code repository integration as opposed to using the snyk monitor command, the --policy-path option is not available. The .snyk file applies only to Projects found on the same path as the .snyk file.

For details, see Excluding directories and files from the import process.

Use the .snyk file with Snyk IaC

For IaC ignore rules, see IaC ignores using the .snyk policy file. For more information, see Ignore resources for drift.

Use the .snyk file with Snyk Open Source

The .snyk file in a Project is used to apply ignores and other settings for the snyk test and snyk monitor commands and for any tests done through the API or Snyk Web UI. The .snyk file defines Snyk patches to be applied at build time, to resolve vulnerabilities that cannot be fixed with upgrades, and to apply the @snyk/protect package that replaced the snyk protect command. The .snyk file defines analysis configuration items such as language settings: for the Python (Pip) version.

How the .snyk file works with Open Source Projects

Snyk checks the Snyk database and the .snyk file for ignore rules when scanning by means of an SCM integration, the Snyk CLI, and a CI/CD integration.

If there is a .snyk file in the Project, thesnyk test command uses that file as the ignore mechanism, instead of the ignores set from the Web UI.

When the .snyk file is included in an SCM Project, Snyk considers both the database ignores and the .snyk ignores.

When you include the .snyk file in your code repository and the language-settings: value is set, you gain the advantage of creating Project-level Python settings when you run code repository scans.

  • For SCM scans, for example, GitHub scans, the Snyk Web UI controls the Python version at the Organization level, from the Organization > Settings > Languages > Python > Pip Python version option.

  • By including a .snyk file in your code repository with the language settings: value set to one of the available UI language settings options, you can override the Organization level settings for SCM scans of that repository to use any Python version that is available in the UI options.

  • Note that you may need to re-import the Project if the .snyk file was not present at the initial import of the Project into Snyk.

  • See the Python version documentation for more information about Python version support.

For more information about using the .snyk file with Open Source Projects, see the following:

Ignore vulnerabilities using the Snyk CLI

Error message: Ignoring via the CLI is not enabled for this organization. Please ignore issues via our website

Examples of the .snyk file for Open Source

Set the language version for Python

Manually modify the .snyk file to set language-settings: for the Project to Python 3.7:

# Snyk (https://snyk.io) policy file, patches or ignores known vulnerabilities.
version: v1.25.0
language-settings: 
  python: "3.7"

For more information, see Setting Python version in Git Projects.

Set vulnerability ignore rules

Ignore a specific vulnerability for a given path:

ignore:
  SNYK-JS-BSON-561052:
    - mongodb > mongodb-core > bson:
        reason: None given
        expires: '2020-06-19T20:36:54.553Z'

Ignore a vulnerability for all paths:

ignore:
  SNYK-JS-BSON-561052:
    - '*':
        reason: None Given
        expires: 2020-04-04T17:33:45.004Z

Ignore a specific vulnerability on multiple paths:

ignore:
  SNYK-JS-DOTPROP-543489:
    - configstore > dot-prop:
        reason: None given
        expires: '2020-06-19T20:36:54.553Z'
    - snyk > configstore > dot-prop:
        reason: None given
        expires: '2020-06-19T20:36:54.553Z'

Set license ignore rules

To ignore the license issue for a package, find the ID for the license in the output of the snyk test command.

The license ID is part of the license issue URL, for example, in this URL: https://snyk.io/vuln/snyk:lic:npm:symbol:MPL-2.0, the license ID is snyk:lic:npm:symbol:MPL-2.0.

Use the Snyk CLI and the .snyk file for Snyk Open Source

The Snyk CLI has commands to create and view a .snyk file.

The snyk policy command displays the .snyk policy for a package.

The snyk ignore command modifies the .snyk file to ignore a stated issue.

snyk ignore --id='vulnerabilityID' --expiry='date-string' --reason='text string'

The following example shows using the snyk ignore command to generate a rule for ignoring the SNYK-JS-BSON-561052 vulnerability for all paths that lead to that library on disk.

snyk ignore --id='SNYK-JS-BSON-561052' --expiry='2018-04-01' --reason='testing'

How to override the ignore rules in the database

If there is a .snyk file in the Project, thesnyk test CLI command uses that file as the ignore mechanism instead of the ignores set in the Web UI. This means that if you have a .snyk file in the Project and you are using the snyk test command through the CLI, Snyk overrides all settings made in the Snyk Web UI.

However, when the .snyk file is included in an SCM Project, Snyk considers both the database ignores and the .snyk ignores.

If Admin users only is enabled by using Settings > General > Ignores) you can use a .snyk file to override the ignore rules in the database. To override the ignore rules set in the Web UI, you must specify that Admin users only can ignore an issue or edit the ignore settings for an issue.

Follow these steps to set these ignore preferences for use by the Snyk Web UI and API:

  1. Log in to your Snyk account.

  2. Select Settings, then General.

  3. Select an option as follows:

    • Admin users only - only admins can customize the ignore settings.

    • All users in any environment - all users can customize the ignore settings.

Use the .snyk file with monorepos and complex Projects

The Snyk CLI expects the .snyk file to apply to the manifest being analyzed. In the case of a complex Project or monorepo, there may be many manifests in subfolders, and you may wish to use a centralized ignore policy. The .snyk file is expected to be the root of your Project, with your manifest file. If the .snyk file is not in the root of your Project, for example, in the case of a centralized policy, you must specify the path explicitly using the --policy-path option.

If you create a .snyk ignore policy using the CLI and Snyk does not successfully ignore the vulnerability, use the option --policy-path=/path/path/file.

Your complete statement should be snyk ignore --id=IssueID [--expiry=expiry] [--reason='reason for ignoring'] [--policy-path=/path/path/file].

Syntax of the .snyk file

The .snyk file may have the following top-level keys:

  • language-settings:

  • ignore:

  • patch:

The language-settings: value is the Python version you are currently using. See the examples in the section Set the language version for Python on this page.

The ignore: is an ignore rule in the form of:

ignore:
  snyk-vulnid:
    - path to library using > seperator :
        reason: 'text string'
        expires: 'datetime string'

The patch: is in the form of:

'npm:library:yyyymmdd’ :
  - path to library using > seperator:
    patched: 'datetime string'
  - path to library using > seperator > to > another > path:
    patched: 'datetime string'

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